In Variant Detection, RNA-sequencing, and ChIP-sequencing, we showed how we matching, or aligning, short NGS reads to the genome, and then make inference using the reads which aggregate or "pi…
Molecular Biology: an important branch of the biological sciences What is Molecular Biology - definition Molecular Biology is a scientific discipline and branch of biology that has as its main objective the study of processes that develop in living beings from the molecular point of view. Molecular Biology is directly related to other sciences such as Genetics, Biochemistry, Cytology and Microbiology.
Transgenic soybeans Introduction - what they are In recent years, with the development of research in the field of genetic engineering, several studies and scientific studies have shown important progress in the manipulation of genetic material from plants, animals and humans. Targets for controversial discussions about their advantages and disadvantages, the science of GMOs is in full swing in major laboratories and universities around the world.
Electrophoresis: DNA separation What is it? Electrophoresis is a method for separating DNA fragments and aiming at the mobility of these fragments along a gel that receives the application of an electric current. How it happens DNA, which is negatively charged, travels through the gel to the positively charged pole.
Genes: The Code of Life What It Is - Definition The gene is the fundamental unit of heredity. Each gene is made up of a specific sequence of nucleic acids (the most important cell control biomolecules because they contain genetic information. There are two types of nucleic acids: deoxyribonucleic acid - DNA - and ribonucleic acid - RNA).
Shells: protection for the body of mollusks What they are - biological definition Shells are hard, calcareous organs present on the outside of the body of mollusks. Shell Function Because mollusks do not have bones in their inner body, shells have the function of ensuring the protection of the body of these animals.
Mycology: science that studies fungi What it is - definition Mycology is a science, branch of Microbiology, that studies fungi and their properties. This science is also known as mycology. The main themes and properties of fungi studied by Mycology are: - Taxonomy (fungal classification) - Systematic (describes biodiversity and relationships between organisms) - Morphology (study of fungal forms or parts of them) - Biochemistry (studies processes chemicals that occur in fungi) - Utilization of the beneficial effects of fungi on the production of food, medicines, etc.
Animals: Scientific Names Are Unknown to Most People Introduction We know many animal species by the common (popular) name, that is, the names people gave and went from generation to generation through popular culture. However, biologists and other scientists who study zoology have come up with scientific names.
Carp: example of bony fish What they are - biological definition: Scientifically known as osteictes (Westichthyes class), they are fish that have a skeleton predominantly made up of bones. Summary of the main characteristics of bone fish - Featuring bone skeleton. - Most bone fish species have dermal bone scales.
Pig: example of omnivorous animal What they are - biological definition Omnivores are animals that feed on vegetables and animals. Therefore, they have the body adapted to digest these foods. The word derives from Latin, where omnes means everything and vorare means to devour. General characteristics of omnivores: - Most omnivorous animals are predators.
Eutheries: the placental mammals What they are (meaning) The eutheries (Eutheria group), also known as placentals, are viviparous mammal animals (the embryo develops within the mother's body). Summary of main features: - These are viviparous animals, ie the embryo develops in a placenta located on the mother's body.
Book Moth: Ametabolic Insect Example Introduction Insects can be classified according to the type of development they exhibit during their lifetime. Ametabolic insects These are insects that do not present physiological changes throughout their lives, that is, the process of metamorphosis does not occur. The insects that hatch (hatch from eggs) are similar in shape to adults.
Embryonic stem cell image What they are - definition Stem cells, also called stem cells, are undifferentiated, ie they have no particular function. Its main feature is the ability to transform itself into various types of tissues that make up the human body. Stem cell types and main characteristics - Embryonic stem cells: are those taken from the animal still in the embryo phase.
Tiger: Examples of Feline Animals Introduction Felines, popularly known as felines, are carnivorous mammal animals. They are part of the Felidae family. There are around 40 species of these animals in the world. The most common and known of them is the domestic cat. Examples of feline animals: - lion - leopard - ocelot - jaguar - tiger - cheetah (cheetah) - snow leopard - foggy panther - marbled cat - maracajá cat - bush cat ( wild cat) - Swede (jaguar) - Haystack cat (pampas cat) - Caracal (desert lynx) - Serval - African golden cat - Andean black cat - Chilean cat - Eurasian lynx - Iberian lynx - Canada lynx - Brown lynx - Asian leopard (leopard cat) - Fisher cat - Indian leopard cat - Domestic cat - Desert cat - Cat - Jungle - Black-legged Wildcat - Pallas Cat - Desert Chinese Cat Maracajá Cat: A feline native to Central and South America.
Pack: wolf collective Introduction There are names that designate a set of animals of the same species. These names are the collective ones. Listed below is a list of the most common collectives. Collective - Animals Pack - wolves, lions and hyenas Arment - cows and buffalo Flock - monkeys, vultures and birds in general Camila - camels Chafardel - sheep Cambada - cats Canzoada - dogs Chapel - monkeys Shoal - fish Colony - ants Swarm - bees, wasps and hornets Costume - goats Anthill - ants Gansaral - geese Mottled - wild boars and sheep Herd - oxen, buffalo, zebras, cows and elephants Pack - dogs, hounds Myriad - insects Mosquito or mosquito - flies Cloud - Grasshoppers Ovary - sheep Panapana - butterflies Shoal - fish Piara - mares Squad - horses Tip - mules Herd or ovary - Sheep Replica - donkeys and beasts of burden Troop - horses, donkeys and donkeys Stick - pigs
Swallow: example of migratory bird Introduction (animal migration motifs) Several species of birds, mammals, insects and fish migrate from one place to another in search of favorable environmental conditions such as mild climate and abundant food. Another reason that causes animals to migrate is reproduction.
Dragonfly: flight up to 85 km / h. Insect Trivia: - The largest beetle in the world is the giant cerambicidae (titanus giganteus). It lives in the rainforests of northern South America. An adult insect of this species measures between 17 and 20 cm. - The largest butterfly in the world is the Queen Alexandra bird-wing butterfly (Ornithoptera alexandrae).
Amphibians: Division into three orders Amphibian Orders APODA (Gymnophiona) - The body of the apods is cylindrical, elongated and smooth. - They have stunted legs. - Fertilization is internal. - The body of the apodas looks like a big worm. - They have olfactory tentacles. - Absorb oxygen through the mouth and skin.
Arthropods: Invertebrates with Articulated Bodies What They Are - Biological Definition Arthropods are invertebrate animals that have rigid articulated body parts. We find in the wild more than one million species of arthropods, either aquatic or terrestrial. Main characteristics of arthropods: - Segmented body.
Birds and mammals are homeothermic What they are - biological definition Homeothermic animals are those that have the characteristic of keeping their body temperature constant, ie without variation. These animals maintain body temperature between 35 and 40ºC (varies from species to species). Not important if the environment has a high or low temperature, these animals always have a constant temperature.
Sea Turtle: Example of Pecillothermic Animal What They Are - Biological Definition and Main Characteristics Pecillothermic animals, also known as "cold-blooded" animals, are those that have a mechanism in their body that adjusts their temperature according to the temperature of the environment. .