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PMS - Premenstrual Tension



PMS: physical and behavioral changes

Introduction - what it is

Premenstrual tension, also known as PMS, usually affects the vast majority of women of reproductive age, especially those in their 20s to 30s.

Premenstrual Tension Symptoms

There are over 150 symptoms associated with this syndrome, the best known being: behavioral changes such as anxiety, increased irritability, tension, fatigue, depression, changes in appetite, etc. It can also trigger physical symptoms such as fluid retention, muscle aches, headaches, breast tenderness, among many others.

Some women have symptoms ranging from mild to moderate; However, there are those in which symptoms are so intense that they inevitably interfere with their quality of life. Some may even be unable to perform their routine duties during this time.

Such symptoms usually vary greatly from woman to woman. In addition to its different manifestations among women, PMS may present with different symptoms with each new cycle of menstruation, which generally makes its diagnosis difficult.

Main Causes

The exact cause of this disorder is still unknown; However, it is already known that at this stage the woman goes through physiological imbalances that may affect her to a greater or lesser extent.

Hormonal imbalance, nutritional deficiency and the oscillation of some neurotransmitters (chemicals produced by neurons, the cells of the nervous system through which they can send information to other cells), such as serotonin and norepinephrine, are being studied.

It is known that even patients who have undergone hysterectomy (removal of the uterus) may continue to have PMS symptoms; However, such symptoms disappear with the arrival of menopause.

How to relieve

Although there is no cure for this syndrome, there are some palliative care that can greatly alleviate the symptoms. In some cases, changing eating habits and exercise help prevent fluid retention and relieve stress.

Physical exercise, especially aerobic exercise, increases endorphin production (the brain's natural substance in response to physical activity, providing relaxation, natural sedation, and a sense of pleasure).

There are times when antidepressant or anxiolytic medications will need to be used. In the most severe cases, hormones that induce premature menopause may be given. In these cases, medical advice is indispensable.

IMPORTANT: The information on this page is only a source for research and school work. Therefore, they should not be used for medical advice. To do so, see a doctor for advice and proper treatment.