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Bacteriology: Science that studies bacteria
What is it - biological definition
Bacteriology is a science, branch of biology, that studies bacteria and their properties.
The main themes and properties of bacteria studied by Bacteriology are:
- Taxonomy (classification of bacteria)
- Systematic (describes biodiversity and relationships between organisms)
- Morphology (study of the shapes of bacteria or parts thereof)
- Biochemistry (studies the chemical processes that occur in bacteria)
- Study of bacteria for the production of medicines.
- Harmful properties of many species of bacteria.
- Bacteria genetics (the genes of different species of bacteria)
The professionals (scientists) who study bacteria are called bacteriologists. They are biology graduates who specialize in bacteria, mainly through postgraduate courses.
History of bacteriology - summary
It was in the nineteenth century that bacteria began to be studied with more emphasis. Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur were two leading bacteriologists of this era who have done various studies on the harmful action of bacteria and ways to combat them.
- The term Bacteriology comes from the Greek language, where "bakteria" means small stick and "logos" means study.