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Amazon biome: one of the richest ecosystems in the world
It is one of the main biomes not only of Brazil, but also represents a huge significance for the world, its flora, fauna and biodiversity are fundamental for environmental balance and ecosystem sustainability.
Location and general data of the Amazon biome
The Amazon is almost seven million square kilometers in length spread across nine different countries such as Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Peru and Suriname.
A little over four million square kilometers of the Amazon occupies the Brazilian territory becoming the largest biome in the country.
In addition to its giant territory, one of its most striking features is its vast biodiversity, which has approximately 2,500 tree species and has 30,000 plant species out of 100,000 throughout South America.
Key features of fauna and flora
With a humid rainforest, the Amazon is responsible for housing thousands of special insects, plants, mammals, fish, amphibians, reptiles and birds.
The alligator, the jaguar and the macaw are special examples that can be found in this biome, but although one hundred and one hundred tree species have already been detected in the Amazon alone, and more than millions of native species from the Amazon region. Scientists believe it may possess much more, but the dense forests and towering trees of the biome make these discoveries difficult in part.
Fauna and Flora: Examples of Animals and Plants
Considered one of the most important rainforests in the world, the Amazon rainforest is home to animal species such as tapir, sloth, mustache marmoset, suçuarana, red macaw, bat, anteater, vinegar dog, cat-maracajá, spider monkey, pot-bellied monkey, irara, ocelot, jaguarundi, otter, the alligator, jaguar, manatee, toucan, eels, piranha, pirarucu, sucuri, howler monkey, pink dolphin -rose and more.
Already its flora is on account of very important species for the control of the greenhouse effect and global warming, the Amazon is largely responsible for the cleansing of oxygen in Brazil and the world.
Its vegetation is usually dense and is formed by large trees. Some of them are native as peach palm, acai, rubber, mahogany, cedar, kapok and chestnut.
These species are even responsible for marketing some products and they are a source of income for many Amazonians.
Geography (soil, rivers, relief and climate)
The climate of the Amazon is tropical and humid, known with equatorial features high temperatures and a high rainfall. Their average temperatures range between 22 and 28 degrees.
Its Amazonian relief is formed by a flood plain and its plateau is formed by crystalline shields.
Deforestation and causes
Amazon deforestation suffers from the advance of cities to forest areas, the improper extraction of natural resources, illegal hunting of wild animals for sale in the illegal market, illegal mining and deforestation for soybean planting, these are some factors that have caused the area of the Amazon to shrink and become compromised in recent years.
Importance of conservation
It is of great importance to raise awareness and fight for the preservation of this rich biome, as the Amazon has a significant influence on the rains of Brazil and South America. It also conserves the largest biodiversity in the world, houses one of the most important rivers and is responsible for by storing much of the carbon that helps fight air pollution.
Its deforestation contributes to the greenhouse effect, irregular temperatures and climates (global warming), as well as air and water pollution.
The Amazon biome has already been declared by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) as a world heritage site.