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HIV infected cell
AIDS, also defined as AIDS, is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Its carriers have numerous symptoms and infections, resulting in damage to the immune system.
How it attacks the body
This virus primarily attacks the lymphocytes that command our body's defense.
As a result of the HIV virus attack, the number of lymphocytes is dramatically reduced and the human body is completely unprotected against a host of opportunistic diseases and infections.
To understand a little more about this disease, it is interesting to know that HIV is a retrovirus (RNA genome virus) that acts by infecting our cells and, once inside them, multiplies rapidly.
This virus causes the death of lymphocytes (defense cells) due to the large amount of new viruses that it produces inside. When infected, the defense cells are attacked by the immune system because, because they have virus proteins in their membrane, our body is no longer able to recognize them.
There are still HIV-infected lymphocytes that do not have virus replication, however, even in these cases, the cell loses its functions due to the presence of this invader in its nucleus.
Transmission / contagion
It is spread by contamination with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
The AIDS virus is usually transmitted through genital secretions or through the blood. It is infected sexually, intravenously (sharing contaminated syringes, for example) or from mother to child.
Although there is no cure for this disease yet, there are very effective treatments that slow down the proliferation of the virus.
IMPORTANT: The information on this page is only a source for research and school work. Therefore, they should not be used for medical advice. To do so, see a doctor for guidance and proper treatment.